Tuesday, 31 January 2012

One Continent, two 'African Unions'.


One Continent, two 'African Unions'.
By Takura Zhangazha.*

The failure by the African Union to elect a new chairperson for  its Commission on January 30 this year points to a seriously divided continental body.  Had this been an election merely  based on the popularity or campaign skills of the two candidates (Mr. Jean Ping and Ms. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma) it would not warrant analysis beyond its own occurrence.  

Unfortunately for us, as Africans, it has greater ramifications for the current and future context of the AU and other sub-regional bodies such as SADC, ECOWAS and EAC (East African Community). It is also a development that has had the added consequence of embarrassing Africa in the world by casting doubt on the ability of our African leaders to recognize the seriousness of the challenges the continent is facing.

Furthermore it indicates an unfortunate leadership deficit at the highest level  due to the AU’s failure to arrive at consensus on as basic an issue such as who should chair the Commission (a body which to all intents purposes is meant to be run by general consensus of  member states)

So now, there shall have to be second round of voting in June 2012 at the Malawi AU Summit.  While it is yet to be seen whether  Jean Ping and Dlamini-Zuma will again be considered as candidates,  it is almost certain that their camps will be the more mobilised to ensure that their proxies acquire the chairperson-ship.

The closeness of the vote, (29 for Ping, 23 for Dlamini-Zuma in the third round) indicates that a compromise candidate is well nigh impossible for either camps, unless it is literally a statesman/woman of great respect on the continent (such leaders are becoming extinct). The reason for this is that it seems there are vested interests in either candidate that are informed by both a ‘new scramble for Africa[1]and its attendant ‘falsely universal liberal intervention’ doctrine from the West.  This is particularly true for the Ping camp which has been referred to as being dominated by former French colonies.

On the other hand, the Dlamini-Zuma camp, which is distinctly  dominated by Southern and East African countries, is informed (surprisingly so) by the Mbekite African Renaissance project (though they won’t admit it) , which has as its dictum, ‘African solutions for African problems’. This approach has been revived by what is now seen as the embarrassing ouster and murder of Libyan leader Muammar Gadaffi with the direct assistance of NATO and the consent  of the African Union. It is also an approach that has the backing of Russia and China who are involved in their own ‘new scramble for Africa’.

So as it is, it appears as though there are now two versions of the African Union even though this does not mean they did not exist before. It had to take the election of an AU Commission Chairperson for the divisions to become more apparent. In the process, Africa has now allowed itself to continue being a hapless battleground for the global powers, with either side of the AU playing to one superpower gallery or the other.

It is however the consequences of a sharply divided AU that are depressing. In the first instance, it means that for the next fife months, Africa will not speak with one voice when it comes to addressing continental and global challenges such as the crisis of global capitalism, human rights, the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) and climate change.  Even if there was to be agreement on paper on issues such as the Somalia famine and war, there will be limited political will to put such plans into action.

As a result the five or so months until the next elective AU summit are going to be preoccupied by lobbying trips on the part of the ‘two AU’s’ to try and get their new candidates endorsed by the majority votes required. This lobbying will also involve regular communication and currying of favours with (if not visits)  either the West or the East.

The second negative  effect of the divisions in the AU relates to the global impression that African leaders are incapable of doing things on their own and must therefore be ‘assisted’ to overcome their problems and challenges.  The reinforcement of this perspective is reminiscent of the colonial narratives of the ‘dark continent’ which is there to be ‘enlightened’, can only learn from the West  and simultaneously be exploited for its natural and human resources. 

All of this will be couched in a language of 'universalism' that has as its base the false assumption that Africa’s historical trajectory can only now follow the path of the West and  as some western academics put it, arrive at the liberal democratic and free market ‘end of history’. 

But perhaps there is a silver lining to the cloud that is hovering over the continent at the moment. And this silver lining is premised on the possibility that after this recent  AU summit, our leaders will reassess the damage they are doing to our continent and get their act together by the time they meet in Malawi in June this year. And  we can only hope that at the Malawi AU summit, they will recall the words of the great Kwame Nkrumah, ‘Africa Must Unite!’


[1] See also Southall R, Melber H (eds)2009. A new Scramble for Africa? Imperialism Investment and Development, UKZN Publications, South Africa. 

*Please acknowledge that this article was sourced from takura-zhangazha.blogspot.com